When speaking about female infertility, an egg donor would be a woman who donates eggs (ova or oocytes) to an infertile female whose ovaries are not producing sufficient viable ova.
The eggs are implanted through in vitro fertilization. Some women are approached by a family member or a friend to donate. Other women donate to a kind-of “egg bank” where an infertile woman can contract with the “bank” to purchase eggs.
Often the donor process is done through an agency. There are ads circulating in newspapers and online for egg donors. These oocytes might be used to impregnate an infertile woman or they might be used in research.
The first successful human fertilized egg transfer that produced a viable pregnancy was in July, 1983, and the subsequent birth was February, 1984. Since that time, there has been considerable concern for egg donors because the procedure is a long and difficult one. Many women have complained of feeling taken advantage of. And many more were unaware of the arduous journey of egg donation.
There are three kinds of “third party reproduction”—egg donation, sperm donation, or (for lack of a better phrase) uterus donation. If you donate an egg, you are part of third party reproduction.
Dr. Christine Strong, NMD
More information about Egg Donors:
Who is a good candidate? The criteria for becoming an egg donor is fairly standard. Healthy women between the ages of 21 and 35.
Assessment. The requirements to determine if you are a candidate to be accepted into an Egg Donor program include physical and psychological examination. Get educated before signing.
How is an egg donor chosen? From state to state there are different laws mandating the egg donor selection process. Here is a general overview of what to expect.
Who will get my eggs? This is an excellent question because you are the biological mother of the potential child. You might want to be certain that recipients are financially, emotionally and physically healthy.
What happens to your eggs after you donate them? The answer to this question might surprise you. You have no control of your eggs after they are donated.
Matching donors and recipients. How are donors and recipients matched? Will they know each other’s identity? Can the donor ever meet the child?
If you would like a consultation with Dr. Strong, write to firstname.lastname@example.org